The Right Honorable Kemal Derviş is the vice president and director of global economy and development at the Brookings Institution. He is an active participant in various European and international networks working to further international cooperation in order to find ways to make globalization a more stable and inclusive process. From 2005 to 2009, he headed the UN Development Programme and also served as the chair of the UN Development Group. He has held numerous positions with the World Bank from 1977 to 2001, including vice president of the World Bank for the Middle East and vice president for poverty reduction and economic management. After leaving the World Bank and returning to Turkey, Derviş was a member of the Turkish Parliament, minister of economic affairs, and active in the Center for Economic and Foreign Policy Studies, a Turkish NGO working on economic and political issues.