Reports and Resources

September 2021

Findings: U.S., NATO, and Russia (The Military Incidents Project)

Recent years have seen the bilateral nuclear arms control treaty regime all but dismantled and the U.S. and Russia invest in new nuclear weapons as relations worsen. The Baltic Sea region in particular has become a key focal point for military exchanges between the countries that possess the vast majority of the world’s nuclear weapons.

Download the full brief here.

December 2020

Nuclear Crisis Group: NATO-Russia Crisis Brief

The Nuclear Crisis Group asked six eminent experts and former officials from the United States, Russia and Europe to provide insights on the current state of affairs between the US/NATO and Russia, and pragmatic near-term options to improve stability and reduce the risks of conflict and escalation in Europe.

Download the full brief here.

May 2020

Blundering Toward Nuclear Chaos: The Trump Administration After 3 years

The American Nuclear Policy Initiative (ANPI), a task force of former government and non-governmental experts, released an objective analysis of U.S. nuclear policy under Donald Trump.

Download the full report here.

January 2020

Loose Cannons: The President and US Nuclear Posture

“The US president’s unfettered authority to order the use of nuclear weapons and an unstable US nuclear posture create a compound existential risk.”

Download the full article here.

June 2019

Nuclear Crisis Group: South Asia Post-Crisis Brief

“[T]he Nuclear Crisis Group asked six respected analysts from the region and the United States to assess what they saw, what they think happened, and what lessons they take away from the Balakot incident [of February 2019].”

Download the full brief here.

March 2019

Dr. Bruce G. Blair Written Testimony: Outside Perspectives On U.S. Nuclear Deterrence Policy And Posture

On March 6, Global Zero Co-Founder Bruce Blair testified before the U.S. House Armed Services Committee on the dangers of the U.S. nuclear warfighting strategy and the need to shift to a deterrence-only strategy and a smaller nuclear arsenal.

Download Blair’s full written testimony here.

September 2018

The End of Nuclear Warfighting: Moving to a Deterrence-Only Posture

“The United States should adopt a deterrence-only policy based on no first use of nuclear weapons, no counterforce against opposing nuclear forces in second use, and no hair-trigger response.”

Download the full report here. 

June 2017

Nuclear Crisis Group: Urgent Steps to De-Escalate Nuclear Flashpoints

“The Nuclear Crisis Group assesses that the risk of nuclear weapons use, intended or otherwise, is unacceptably high and that all states must take constructive steps to reduce these risks.”

Download the full report here.

May 2017

Global Zero: Military Incidents Study

“Around the world, nuclear weapons countries are participating more frequently in military activities that can escalate into dangerous situations with catastrophic consequences.”

Download the full report here.

April 2015

Global Zero Commission on Nuclear Risk Reduction: De-Alerting and Stabilizing the World’s Nuclear Force Postures

“The slope from a crisis to nuclear brinksmanship to escalation to the use of nuclear weapons with cascading global implications is a much too steep and slippery one.”

Download the full report here. 

May 2012

Global Zero U.S. Nuclear Policy Commission: Modernizing U.S. Nuclear Strategy, Force Structure and Posture

“The strategy inherited from the Cold War which remains in place artificially sustains nuclear stockpiles that are much larger than required for deterrence today and that have scant efficacy in dealing with the main contemporary threats to U.S. and global security – nuclear proliferation, terrorism, cyber warfare and a multitude of other threats stemming from the diffusion of power in the world today.”

Download the full report here.

February 2012

Global Zero NATO-Russia Commission: Removing U.S. and Russian Tactical Nuclear Weapons from European Combat Bases

“…the solution to the current impasse is for the United States and Russia to negotiate the removal of all of their tactical nuclear weapons from operational combat bases in Europe to national storage facilities on their national territories as part of comprehensive bilateral talks on deep reductions in their stockpiles of tactical and strategic nuclear weapons.”

Download the full report here.

June 2011

World Spending on Nuclear Weapons Surpasses $1 Trillion Per Decade

“…nuclear weapons countries…are passing a new milestone this year by collectively spending approximately one hundred billion dollars on their nuclear programs.”

Download the full report here.



October 2019

U.S. Nuclear Launch Decision Process

A timeline of the U.S. nuclear launch order process on warning of an incoming Russian nuclear missile attack.

Download the timeline here.

January 2017

Global Zero: Estimated U.S. Fatalities from a Russian Nuclear Retaliation

“30% of the total population of the top 145 most populated U.S. cities would perish…from a Russian nuclear retaliatory attack using mobile intercontinental ballistic missiles.”

Download the full brief here.

September 2016

Global Zero: U.S. Adoption of No-First-Use and its Effects on Nuclear Proliferation by Allies

“In no case has the decision [of U.S. allies] to remain a non-nuclear power or pursue a nuclear capability rested on the expectation of a first use defense from the U.S.”

Download the full brief here.